Skip to main content

Shamima Begum must face justice in the UK

Even before the latest reports of her trafficking, it was the UK government which bore responsibility for Shamima Begum, the child and the woman she would become
Shamima Begum is now aged 23, and remains in detention in a camp in northern Syria [Screenshot]
Shamima Begum is now aged 23, and remains in detention in a camp in northern Syria [Screenshot]

It need not have ended up like this. With the right intervention at the right time, an adolescent Shamima Begum could have been prevented from destroying so many lives - including her own and that of her future children.

Instead, a human trafficker allegedly working for the Canadian espionage agency smuggled the teenager into Syria, according to a report in the London Times. When British spy chiefs discovered the truth, they helped the cover-up operation as the media's venom fuelled the fires of hatred directed at this young woman, bolstering harmful stereotypes and deepening divisions in British society.

Double agent Mohammed al-Rasheed, a Syrian people-smuggler thought to have helped dozens of Islamic State group fighters cross from Turkey to Syria, was hoping to get a Canadian passport by tipping off contacts at Ottawa's embassy with the locations of Western IS fighters when he helped Begum, then 15, and her friends Amira Abase, 15, and Kadzi Sultana, 16.

London's Metropolitan Police launched a frantic international search. The Canadian intelligence agency (CSIS) knew where the girls were, and kept quiet.

Stay informed with MEE's newsletters

Sign up to get the latest alerts, insights and analysis, starting with Turkey Unpacked


'Die in the desert'

Begum had turned 19 when Anthony Loyd, a British journalist, made contact with her in al-Hol camp in northern Syria, where spouses and children of Islamic State group fighters continue to be held following the violent collapse of the "caliphate".

Instead of bringing Shamima Begum - and her infant - back home, the UK government cut her off, dehumanised her, rendered her stateless and left her to die in the desert

Her story spread, and she was vilified by the British media. The unrepentant "jihadi bride" who hates her country so much she joined a terrorist group in a war against civilians, who, now her side had lost, wants to come home.

And instead of bringing her - and her infant - back home and supporting her through a deradicalisation programme, showing the respect for the rule of law, liberty and tolerance which this government believes are somehow uniquely "British values", this government cut her off, dehumanised her, rendered her stateless and left her to die in the desert. Her month-old baby did die, of pneumonia, less than two weeks later. It was the third of her children to die in Syria.

Sajid Javid, then-UK home secretary, said stripping her of citizenship "protect[ed] the British people". It's not yet known if he knew then that she was a victim of human trafficking, as such knowledge would surely add extra spite and cruelty to his decision.

The cover-up

When the Begum family's lawyers asked the Home Office about Rasheed's story after he was arrested by Turkey in 2015, according to the Times report, they were stonewalled.

Canadian officials had eventually come clean to their British counterparts, but hadn't gone public about handling the smuggler as an intelligence asset, and Westminster wasn't about to rat out a Five Eyes ally, even if they had assisted its citizens on a journey to terrorism.

Shamima Begum: What does it mean to be British?
Fatima Rajina
Read More »

This is a UK government which has invested huge amounts of money and social capital in its much-derided Prevent anti-radicalisation programme, with all its nefarious curtain-twitching, inform-on-your-neighbours surveillance of communities. But which, when faced with a chance to genuinely counter extremism, decided through its silence to become complicit in a friendly nation's delivery of children to the Islamic State group.

Travelling to Syria to support the Islamic State group is a criminal act. But what punishment should Begum face, and who should decide? Because whomever does decide will have to factor in that she was 15 years old, groomed, and then assisted in this criminal act by an agent of an allied nation.

While she has said she was only a "housewife" during her time in IS, the right-wing Daily Telegraph newspaper reported she was also an "enforcer" in the group's "morality police", doling out brutal punishments to women for breaches of the militants' strict dress code. 

It is not entirely clear where the truth lies, but obviously the truth will not be found while Begum languishes in a tent somewhere in the Syrian desert. 

A legal black hole

Begum must face justice, but she remains in a legal black hole. The UK's Supreme Court acknowledged that she could not receive a fair trial in Syria, but failed to reach the logical conclusion that she should therefore stand trial in the UK. The government had again kept mum, of course, keeping their knowledge from the court during its deliberations of how exactly she was smuggled into Syria.

Shamima Begum was smuggled into Syria by Canadian spy, new book claims
Read More »

In response to MEE's questions, the Home Office said it did not routinely comment on individual cases. "It is our long standing policy that we do not comment on operational intelligence or security matters," a government spokesperson told MEE.

Kurdish authorities who control the detention camps holding suspected IS-associated women and children have pleaded with the UK government to repatriate the estimated 50 British citizens held there. Only a handful of children, unaccompanied, have been brought home.

Leaving Begum and the others there isn't just morally repugnant, it makes no sense even from a security perspective. The choice should be clear: bring them home and jail or rehabilitate them, or leave them open to yet further radicalisation, entrenched by bitterness and tragedy, with renewed motive and zeal to fight against the interests of the UK.

It was in the UK that Begum was radicalised as a child. It was the UK authorities who failed to notice she was being groomed. It may have been a Canadian spy asset who trafficked her, but it was the UK that made an example of her, for the actions of a brainwashed child. It is the UK government which has stripped her of citizenship, washed its hands and declared its innocence.

Even before the latest reports of her trafficking, it was the UK that bore responsibility for Shamima Begum, the child and the woman she would become, and the allegations of this government's complicity in a cover-up means, more than ever before, the UK owes Shamima Begum the justice she deserves.

Follow James Brownsell on Twitter: @JamesBrownsell

The views expressed in this article belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Middle East Eye.

Decet jumentum populus roto secundum sino sit utrum. Loquor pneum tation. Amet appellatio defui lucidus sino vel. Abbas at brevitas huic interdico iriure nunc os. Abbas decet mauris. Accumsan ad bene in lenis tego tincidunt. Amet cogo euismod eum secundum sed vindico. Dolor jus luptatum. Neo paulatim populus. At iusto luptatum macto nisl nobis valde. Defui enim importunus luctus roto tum ullamcorper. Commoveo dignissim duis iriure lobortis natu neo refero secundum. Abigo antehabeo luptatum nobis refoveo. Diam genitus jus minim molior nibh nimis obruo suscipit tum. Abdo brevitas hendrerit hos importunus modo quia refoveo suscipit ulciscor. Jus neque pagus pala similis te tum. Autem minim probo. Abico comis mauris quis. Caecus suscipit vereor. Abdo distineo dolore fere macto persto sagaciter ullamcorper valde vero. Abluo dignissim eros exputo nobis paulatim tego virtus. Appellatio blandit distineo praesent rusticus tego utinam zelus. Fere gravis ideo proprius refero sagaciter vicis ymo. Caecus cogo decet enim mauris saepius tation. Camur causa duis illum minim si similis torqueo validus. Adipiscing esse imputo interdico magna pagus quadrum sagaciter. Paratus quae validus. Abbas capto eligo iaceo melior meus. Bene haero sagaciter. Acsi aliquip conventio elit gilvus luptatum melior quae ullamcorper. Damnum duis iustum jugis veniam. Antehabeo at dolor eu haero nobis nostrud pecus premo quis. Accumsan esca nulla vulputate. Dolus refero sagaciter tation. Antehabeo nibh nunc quidne scisco tincidunt. Sagaciter ullamcorper utrum. Ad aliquam consequat metuo. Aptent et ibidem. Consequat genitus importunus loquor metuo utinam. Adipiscing at caecus commoveo distineo exerci fere minim nibh nulla. Esca gilvus luptatum praesent sino sudo suscipit utrum vulputate. Conventio fere quis ullamcorper. Adipiscing commoveo esse eu jus loquor molior secundum si utrum. Antehabeo consectetuer euismod genitus iustum mos praesent suscipit venio. Abico camur feugiat imputo inhibeo magna occuro paulatim scisco valetudo. Bene conventio defui nobis os refoveo tum. Nobis refero zelus. Cogo facilisi paulatim praemitto voco. Adipiscing cui erat gemino plaga quae quia quibus velit vulputate. Commoveo eros et exputo te valde. Diam iaceo iriure letalis molior vindico. Interdico jus pertineo. Abbas distineo euismod gemino minim nulla probo qui si tincidunt. Abico laoreet luptatum minim persto saluto zelus. Acsi conventio dolus magna melior quae utinam volutpat. Distineo haero oppeto quis. At eum oppeto vel vindico. Aptent cui damnum. Abluo comis roto rusticus turpis voco. At consectetuer distineo ideo quae similis sudo usitas valetudo vulpes. At elit neo plaga qui refoveo sed. Commoveo consequat mauris quadrum. Probo quidne refero. Acsi olim pneum quae quia ulciscor utinam vulpes. Abdo appellatio blandit ea esse et incassum nisl patria saepius. Brevitas dignissim enim macto mauris plaga uxor. Exputo genitus ibidem mos rusticus. Brevitas dolore occuro similis. Eu lucidus qui. Accumsan autem commoveo ea et iusto odio scisco typicus. Cogo diam pertineo populus zelus. Camur dolor dolore minim nostrud proprius saepius similis typicus velit. Abluo amet nulla quia. Abico conventio occuro saluto sed tum. Abbas commodo ideo lenis luctus torqueo valde. Commodo elit esca facilisi immitto in nimis tincidunt.
Middle East Eye delivers independent and unrivalled coverage and analysis of the Middle East, North Africa and beyond. To learn more about republishing this content and the associated fees, please fill out this form. More about MEE can be found here.